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European philosophy Realistic look Nominalism Rationalism Empiricism Skepticism Idealism Pragmatism Instrumentalism Ls philosophy Phenomenology Existentialism Structuralism Post-structuralism Inductive philosophy Consequentialism Deontological ethics Virtue values
Eastern beliefs Chinese viewpoint Indian viewpoint Hindu philosophy Buddhist idea Jainism Iranian philosophy
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Viewpoint is the study of basic and important problems, just like those linked with existence, knowledge, values, explanation, mind, and language.   It truly is distinguished from all other ways of responding to such complications by its critical, generally systematic way and its dependence on realistic argument. The phrase " philosophy" comes from the Greek П†О№О»ОїПѓОїП†ОЇО± (philosophia), which actually means " love of wisdom".  
Divisions of idea
The following divisions are the main areas of research: вЂў Metaphysics is the research of the characteristics of fact, including the relationship between body and mind, substance and accident, situations and causing. Traditional twigs are cosmology and ontology. вЂў Epistemology is concerned together with the nature and scope expertise, and if knowledge is possible. Among it is central problems has been the challenge posed by skepticism and the human relationships between fact, belief, and justification.
The Death of Socrates by simply Jacques-Louis David (1787). The painting depicts the thinker Socrates gonna take toxic hemlock.
вЂў Ethics, or " meaning philosophy", is concerned primarily together with the question of the best way to live, and secondarily, concerning the issue of whether this question can be answered. The key branches of ethics are meta-ethics, normative ethics, and applied values. Meta-ethics concerns the nature of ethical thought, including the origins of the words negative and positive, and beginnings of additional comparative terms of various ethical systems, if there are absolute ethical truths, and how this kind of truths could possibly be known. Plato (left) and Aristotle (right): detail through the Normative values are more concerned with the concerns of how one particular School of Athens by simply Raffaello Sanzio, 1509 ought to act, and what the right course of action can be. This is where the majority of ethical theories are produced. Lastly, utilized ethics go above theory and step into actual ethical practice, such as concerns of whether or not illigal baby killing is correct. Integrity is also linked to the idea of morality, and the two are often interchangeable. вЂў Politics philosophy may be the study of presidency and the relationship of individuals (or families and clans) to communities such as the state. It includes questions about justice, law, property, and the rights and obligations from the citizen. Governmental policies and values are customarily inter-linked themes, as the two discuss problem of what is good and just how people will need to live. вЂў Aesthetics deals with beauty, skill, enjoyment, sensory-emotional values, notion, and issues of flavor and belief. вЂў Logic is the examine of valid argument varieties. Beginning in the late nineteenth century, mathematicians such as Gottlob Frege focused on a statistical treatment of common sense, and today the main topic of logic features two broad divisions:
Beliefs mathematical common sense (formal representational logic) and what is at this point called philosophical logic. вЂў Philosophy of mind deals with the nature of the mind and its romantic relationship to the body, and is personified by conflicts between...